Tobacco Operations - Leaf
 
 

KARNATA LIGHT SOIL - MYSORE

  1. Planting

Early- May to End June

  2. Marketing

September to January

  3. Physical Characteristics

  a) Colour

  b) Leaf Size

  c) Pore Volume (M1/Gm)   

  d) Filling Value

Lemon to Orange

Large

0.13

2.9 to 3.8

  4. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Reducing Sugars

%

  c) Chloride

%

1.25 to 2.5

8 to 22

0.2 to 0.6

  Economic Use

This tobacco is preferred for low nicotine content, high filling capacity and suitability to blend well with any tobacco.

SOUTHERN LIGHT SOIL (SLS)

  1. Planting

Mid-October to Mid-November

  2. Marketing

February to May

  3. Physical Characteristics

  a) Colour

  b) Leaf Size

  c) Pore Volume (M1/Gm)

  d) Filling Value

Lemon to Orange

Small to medium

0.13

2.6 to 3.5

  4. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Reducing Sugars

%

  c) Chloride

%

1.25 to 2.3

8 to 19

0.5 to 0.9

  Economic Use

This tobacco is preferred for low nicotine content, high filling capacity and suitability to blend well with any tobacco.

BLACK SOIL (TRADITIONAL)

  1. Planting

Mid-October to November 1st week

  2. Marketing

February to May

  3. Physical Characteristics

  a) Colour

  b) Leaf Size

  c) Pore Volume (M1/Gm)

  d) Filling Value

Lemon

Medium to Large

0.13

2.6 to 2.8

  4. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Reducing Sugars

%

  c) Chloride

%

1.5 to 2.7

5 to 20

0.5 to 1.5

  Economic Use

This tobacco is of neutral character and blends well with any tobacco.

NORTHERN LIGHT SOIL (NLS)

  1. Planting

Early-October to End-November

  2. Marketing

February to May

  3. Physical Characteristics

  a) Colour

  b) Leaf Size

  c) Pore Volume (M1/Gm)

  d) Filling Value

Lemon Orange to Orange

Large

0.13

2.2 to 2.8

  4. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Reducing Sugars

%

  c) Chloride

%

1.5 to 3.5

7 to 18

0.7 to 1.5

  Economic Use

This tobacco is flavorful to semi-flavorful with excellent ageing properties.

MONSOON BURLEY

  1. Planting

July 2nd week to August 1st week

  2. Marketing

November to January

  3. Physical Characteristics

  a) Colour

  b) Leaf Size

  c) Pore Volume (M1/Gm)

  d) Filling Value

Rich tan to Brown

Medium to Large

0.18 to 0.28

5 to 6.2

  4. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Reducing Sugars

%

  c) Chloride

%

0.6 to 1.8

0.8 to 2

0.15 to 1.45

  Economic Use

Has got very good filling character. Used in US blended cigarettes.

TRADITIONAL BURLEY

  1. Planting

October 1st week to November 4th week

  2. Marketing

May to June

  3. Physical Characteristics

  a) Colour

  b) Leaf Size

  c) Pore Volume (M1/Gm)

  d) Filling Value

Rich tan to Brown

Medium to large


3.5 to 5.5

  4. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Reducing Sugars

%

  c) Chloride

%

2 to 4

1.5 to 3

0.5 to 2

  Economic Use

For use as blend in cigarettes along with burley tobacco or by itself. It is also used for pipe mixtures, chewing plugs and hookah tobacco paste.

KURNOOL AND TELANGANA (NATU)

  1. Planting

Mid-September to Mid-November

  2. Marketing

April to June

  3. Physical Characteristics

  a) Colour

  b) Leaf Size

  c) Pore Volume (M1/Gm)

  d) Filling Value

Nut-Brown

Medium to Large

0.07 to 0.20

3.8 to 5.8

  4. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Reducing Sugars

%

  c) Chloride

%

1.5 to 3

3 to 7

0.5 to 1.5

  Economic Use

Primarily used for cigarette blending and for hookah tobacco paste making.

ELURU (NATU TOBACCO)

  1. Planting

October to November

  2. Marketing

April to August

  3. Physical Characteristics

  a) Colour

  b) Leaf Size

  c) Pore Volume (M1/Gm)

  d) Filling Value

Brown to Dark Brown

Medium to large


3.2 to 5

  4. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Reducing Sugars

%

  c) Chloride

%

2.5 to 4.5

1.1 to 2.6

1 to 2

  Economic Use

Mainly used for cheroots, snuff pipe tobacco, cigarette blending and for hookah paste making.

ORIENTAL

  1. Planting

September to November

  2. Marketing

March

  3. Physical Characteristics

  a) Colour

  b) Leaf Size

  c) Pore Volume (M1/Gm)

  d) Filling Value

Lemon Yellow to Light Yellowish Green

Small

  4. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Reducing Sugars

%

  c) Chloride

%

0.5 to 0.8

8 to 17

0.7 to 1.5

  Economic Use

Cigarette blending.

KENTUCKY FIRE CURED TOBACCO

  1. Planting

End-August to Mid-September

  2. Marketing

Early March

  3. Physical Characteristics

  a) Colour

  b) Leaf Size

  c) Pore Volume (M1/Gm)

  d) Filling Value

Brown to Dark Brown

Medium to large

  4. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Reducing Sugars

%

  c) Chloride

%

2.5 to 3.75

3.5 to 5

1 to 1.5

  Economic Use

Pipe mixtures and hookah tobacco paste.

BIDI TOBACCO (GUJARAT AND KARNATAKA)  

  1. Planting

August to September

  2. Marketing

April to May

  3. Physical Characteristics

  a) Colour

  b) Leaf Size

  c) Pore Volume (M1/Gm)

  d) Filling Value

Orange Brown to Light Greenish Brown

Medium to large

  4. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Reducing Sugars

%

  c) Chloride

%

4 to 6

1.5 to 5

0.8 to 1.8

  Economic Use

Used in the manufacture of bidis, a hand rolled smoking product made by wrapping tobacco with natural ebony leaves.

CIGAR WRAPPER TOBACCO (WEST BENGAL)  

  1. Planting

Mid-October to November 1st week

  2. Marketing

April to May

  3. Production

 

  4. Physical Characteristics

The leaf is shade-cured, cured leaf is large in size, thin bodied, light brown with greenish tinge and with light veins in the lamina.

  5. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Chloride

%

0.6 to 1.4 %

  Economic Use

Mainly used for wrapping the cigars.

CIGAR FILLER TOBACCO

  1. Planting

Mid-October to November 1st week

  2. Marketing

June to July

  3. Production

 

  4. Physical Characteristics

The leaf is sun-cured and fermented in bulks for a period of 25-35 days by breaking and remaking the bulks 6-7 times. It is graded based on the length and blemish of the leaf. The leaf is light to medium in body and brown to dark brown in colour.

  5. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Chloride

%

0.9 to 1.9 % (WB) 2 to 4 % (Tamilnadu)

  Economic Use

Used in the manufacture of cigars & exported to some countries for use in hookah tobacco paste.

CHEROOT TOBACCO (TAMILNADU)

  1. Planting

Mid-November to Mid-December

  2. Marketing

June to August

  3. Production

 

  4. Physical Characteristics

Stalk cut plants are wilted overnight and later air-cured (shade-curing) and fermented by making and remaking the bulks for 20 to 24 days.

  5. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Chloride

%

1.8 to 3 %

  Economic Use

For the manufacture of cheroots and hookah tobacco paste.

LANKA TOBACCO

  1. Planting

November

  2. Marketing

June to August

  3. Production

Godavari area in Andhra Pradesh

  4. Physical Characteristics

The leaf is initially air-cured (shade-cured) for 2 months followed by pit curing for 4 to 5 days and then bulked till the leaf develops brown colour and has a pungent odour.

  5. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Chloride

%

2 to 4 %

0.5 to 0.7 %

  Economic Use

For the manufacture of cigars and cheroots.

TAMILNADU

  1. Planting

End-October to End-November

  2. Marketing

June to August

  3. Production

Tamilnadu

  4. Physical Characteristics

Stock-cut plants after wilting overnight, are cured in three different ways viz., sun curing, smoke curing and pit curing, followed by fermentation in bulk. The leaf is large in size, medium to heavy bodied and brown to dark brown in colour.

  5. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Chloride

%

2 to 3.5 %

  Economic Use

Chewing & Cheroot.

BLACK CHOPADIA

  1. Planting

October to November

  2. Marketing

April to August

  3. Production

Anand area of Gujarat

  4. Physical Characteristics

The primed leaf is sun cured and later fermented bulks till brown to dark brown colour develops. The leaf is medium to heavy bodied. Generally called Kala Chopadia.

  5. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Chloride

%

2.5 to 4 %

  Economic Use

Used as chewing tobacco.

RED CHOPADIA

  1. Planting

October to November

  2. Marketing

April to August

  3. Production

Anand area of Gujarat

  4. Physical Characteristics

The primed leaf is sun-cured for 10 to 12 days till the steam dries and the leaf develops yellow colour. The leaf is light to medium bodied and golden yellow in colour. Later, the leaves are tied into bundles and bulked for developing aroma.

  5. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Chloride

%

4 to 6 %

  Economic Use

Mostly for Chewing. also called Lal-Chopadia and Safna. The export packing ranges from 250gm to 1000gm and is available in bales upto 100kg

BIHAR

  1. Planting

September to Mid-October

  2. Marketing

April to July

  3. Production

Bihar

  4. Physical Characteristics

Stalk-cut plants are sun cured and later leaves are separated and fermented by making and remaking the bulks. Cured leaves are thick bodied and brown to dark brown in colour.

  5. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Chloride

%

3 to 4 %

  Economic Use

 

RUSTICA TOBACCO (KOLKATTA)

  1. Planting

October to November

  2. Marketing

April to June

  3. Production

West Bengal

  4. Physical Characteristics

The primed leaf is sun-cured and later bulked. The leaf is medium to heavy bodied and greenish brown to dark brown in colour. Also called Calcutta tobacco.

  5. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Chloride

%

3 to 6 %

  Economic Use

Used as Chewing tobacco, hookah tobacco, for tobacco sheet making, for kreteks in Indonesia, pipe mixers and cigarette blending to some extent.

MOTHIHARI

  1. Planting

End-October to End-November

  2. Marketing

 

  3. Production

Two types - Mothihari (N.Rustica) and Jati (N.Tobacum)

  4. Physical Characteristics

The primed leaf is cured by air curing (shade curing) and later fermented by bulking.

  5. Chemical Characteristics

  a) Nicotine

%

  b) Chloride

%

3 to 6 %

  Economic Use

Used in the manufacture of various tobacco products such as chewing tobacco, hookah paste, bidis etc.

 
 

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